Sustainability

Transparent about sustainability

This Product Sustainability Declaration is a high-level presentation of Polestar 3’s sustainability credentials. It aims to provide consumers with transparent information to enable them to make informed, ethical choices. It currently covers specific materials.  

Circularity

From design and materials, to sourcing and assembly, to use and reuse. Polestar 3 represents another step on the journey towards more circular electric cars.

More about circularity
Zoom-in on natural fibre composites.

Material innovations

Natural fibre composites

These ground-breaking composites made from European-grown flax produce a material that is 40% lower in weight and uses 50% less virgin plastic than the conventional alternative. First used in the Polestar Precept, these composites are now being used in Polestar 3.   

Used in Polestar 3 inner door and storage compartment. 

Close-up of rounded amber-coloured microtech. Bright background.

Material innovations

Bio-attributed MicroTech

This innovative vegan alternative to leather contains 25% bionaphtha, 14% recycled polyester textile, 33% plasticiser, and 28% chlorine. The CO2 emissions of the bio-attributed PVC (which makes up 53% of the finished product) are 70% lower than conventional PVC. 

Used in Polestar 3 upholstery. 

Close-up of recycled material - blue fishing net. Bright background.

Recycled materials

Recycled textiles

Polestar 3’s carpets are made from 100% ECONYL® polyamide, derived from discarded fishing nets and other plastic waste. The interior headlining is manufactured using 100% recycled PET. 

Close-up of repurposed aluminium.

Recycled materials

Repurposed aluminium

80% of the raw material sourced for Polestar 3’s aluminium deco panels comes from post-industrial waste, giving used aluminium a new life as distinctive interior components.

Traced materials

Tracing materials is the first step towards achieving more responsible sourcing and production processes. Polestar 3 expands the list of traced materials to include nickel, lithium, and wool. We aim to add more with every new model.

Polestar works with blockchain partner Circulor to trace battery risk minerals such as cobalt, mica, nickel, and lithium, and with Bridge of Weir to trace leather.

More about transparency
Close-up of the sustainability traced nappa leather upholstery

Responsibly sourced and traced materials

Nappa leather

The leather used in Polestar 3 meets the strictest standards on animal welfare, set by the UN Food and Agriculture Program, the World Organization by Animal Health (OIE) in their Animal Health Codes, and the Farm Animal Welfare Committee (FAWC). The leather is traceable via a process that controls and monitors the farms and tanneries from which the leather originates. The Nappa leather upholstery is also chrome-free. 

Used in Polestar 3 upholstery.

Polestar 3 close-up of the sustainability traced materials - animal welfare wool upholstery.

Responsibly sourced and traced materials

Animal welfare certified wool

The wool used for Polestar 3’s interior comes from farms with a progressive approach to land management and animal welfare. Traceability of the wool is certified from origin to the yarn stage of production.  

Used in Polestar 3 upholstery.

Zoom-in of lithium. Black background.

Blockchain traced risk materials

Lithium

Lithium is an alkali metal used in Polestar 3’s lithium-ion batteries for its high energy density. Risks associated with mining lithium include corruption, weak rule of law and conflict with indigenous peoples. 

Close-up of shimmering nickel rock. Blck background.

Blockchain traced risk materials

Nickel

Nickel is a lustrous metal used in the Polestar 3 lithium-ion battery pack to boost its energy density. Major risks associated with mining nickel include pollution from hazardous materials, conflict with indigenous peoples and overlap with conserved areas.

Cobalt blue rock on black background.

Blockchain traced risk materials

Cobalt

Cobalt is a hard metal used to extend battery life in Polestar 3’s lithium-ion battery pack. Major risks associated with mining cobalt include forced labour and child labour, corruption, weak rule of law, high-intensity conflicts, and pollution from hazardous materials.

Close-up of flakey golden mica rock. Black background.

Blockchain traced risk materials

Mica

Mica is a group of silicate minerals used in the Polestar 3 lithium-ion battery pack as a thermal barrier to hinder fire, and improve safety and robustness. Major risks associated with mining mica include child labour and forced labour, weak rule of law, corruption, artisanal and small-scale mining. 

3TG

Tin, tantalum, tungsten, and gold, also known as ‘conflict minerals’ have a wide range of applications in Polestar 3’s construction and electronics. In politically unstable areas, the minerals’ trade can be used to finance armed groups, fuel forced labour and other human rights abuses, and support corruption and money laundering. 3TG is traced via Conflict Mineral Reporting, which promotes smelters validated to conform with the Responsible Minerals Assurance Program (RMAP).

Carbon footprint

We are currently collecting and analysing the cradle-to-grave related data of Polestar 3, in order to accurately calculate the car’s total greenhouse gas emissions. When complete, the full Life Cycle Assessment report will be published here, enabling consumers to compare cars based on climate impact. 

More about climate neutrality
Close-up of black componenents and material

Polestar 3 lifecycle

Materials production

Many different materials are used to make a Polestar 3, for example aluminium, steel, electronics, and plastics. Each material category contributes to the overall carbon footprint of the vehicle, as does the electricity mix used in material production and refining. We aim to make these material categories more specific with every new model, in order to improve the accuracy of carbon footprint calculations. 

Close up li-ion battery modules.

Polestar 3 lifecycle

Li-ion battery modules

Several factors contribute to the battery’s carbon footprint, from the energy used for cell production to the aluminium used in the battery casing. We push our suppliers to reduce the carbon footprint of the battery modules they supply.

Polestar 3 body work. Interior factory environment.

Polestar 3 lifecycle

Manufacturing

Polestar 3 production is split between Chengdu, China and Ridgeville, USA for the North American market. The Chengdu plant is a key component of our sustainability strategy, and has been powered by 100% renewable electricity since 2021.

Polestar 3 close up of rear side back view, showcasing the lit red tail light.

Polestar 3 lifecycle

Use phase

After a Polestar 3 leaves the factory gates, its owner can make a significant difference to its overall carbon footprint by charging it with renewable energy.  

Close-up of flax material.

Polestar 3 lifecycle

End of life

Over 85% of the Polestar 3 is recyclable, whereas several components can be reused or remanufactured. Increasing components’ lifespan in this way can reduce waste and avoid the CO2 emissions associated with making new components.

Yellow text on gray background saying - minus 24 procent CO2 emissions per kWh.

Battery carbon footprint

The battery cells used in Polestar 3 are manufactured using renewable electricity. This, in combination with other factors such as updated cell chemistry, lowers the CO2e emissions per kWh by 24% compared to Polestar 2. The result is a 111 kWh battery with a footprint of 7.6 t CO2e.

Polestar and sustainability

Polestar is determined to improve the society we live in, using design and tech to accelerate the change to sustainable, electric mobility. Find out more about what we’re doing, and how we’re doing it. 

More about sustainability
close-up of a speaker of Polestar 3

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